A very small overview...

A very small overview...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In this ideal world parliament, the representation of the citizens would take place along the parallels.

Supranational electoral districts would be created on the entire surface of the globe. By degree of latitude. Roughly equivalent to south-north land strips of 111 kilometers: one degree.

In principle one degree, because obviously, in order to preserve the value of each vote, each parallel zone would have an equal number of voters.

 

For example, if a planetary population of eight billion people in 2023 were to have one representative in equal increments of 50 million, its world parliament would initially have 160 members. This number of deputies would, of course, vary in line with the world's demographics.

 

At the most populated latitudes, around 1/4 of a degree, or a south-north strip of land of about 28 kilometers would be enough to count 50 million people. At the most depopulated latitudes, in the extreme North and South, a few tens of degrees would be necessary to count the same number of people.

As an illustration, on a complete degree taking for center the 30th parallel North (111 kms) you find the cities of Houston in Texas, Cairo in Egypt and Lhasa in Tibet for a total of approximately 200 M inhabitants. It would therefore take about a quarter of a degree in this area to reach the target of 50 M people. Satellite geopositioning technology would allow for a surgical caesura of the electoral zones.

 

And all this is possible today, because we have more and more precise information on the distribution of populations on the surface of the globe. Databases such as the Socioeconomic Data and Application Center, an appendage of NASA, and tools such as those developed by Engaging Data or Andersen Global eloquently demonstrate the progress of this knowledge.

 

Planet Republyk would like to quickly commission a scientific research team to make a proposal for a preliminary delineation of global electoral areas.

 

The main reason for preferring latitude over meridian/longitude (which also guarantees impartiality) is to ensure diversity. If you try the same exercise, but using longitude, you will soon realize that many nations are isolated on their meridian. The representation would then lose its universalist objective. The old nationalistic reflexes would dominate in these areas, with little possibility of changing.

 

Another justification: even if the main objective of the proposal is to deconstruct nationalism, for the system to work, humans being human, the populations will have to appropriate it: develop a feeling of belonging to their new electoral zone. This would be facilitated by the fact that people living in the same latitudes often have much in common despite their ethnic and linguistic differences. Much more so than those living at the same longitudes.

 

Scandinavian, Icelandic, Alaskan, Russian or Canadian peoples, from the Baltic countries, northern Kazakhstan, Mongolia or Japan share the same culture of winter, of changing seasons and light. This influences their environments, economies, languages, cultures and characters. On what defines them, in fact. Much more than we might think, at first glance. A Canadian from Manitoba would probably have more in common with a Russian from Khakasia than with an American from Arizona.

 

Similarly, desert or rainforest areas are found at the same latitudes in South America, Africa, the Middle East and Asia. Farmers are experiencing the same reality of accelerated desertification of arable land on all continents, on the periphery of deserts. All peoples living on the equator share similar climatic realities, seasons and monsoons. 

These peoples would benefit from working together to find sustainable solutions to common threats and challenges, to be represented by unique and strong voices in a global parliament.

 

Representation by latitude therefore allows for a better mix of cultures, with more fertile ground for the growth of a sense of belonging to the zone. Catchy zone names could also contribute to the development of this belonging: the parallel zone of the Tropic of Capricorn, the snow peoples, the residents of the navel of the world, the coffee or chocolate peoples, the inhabitants of the desert fringe, the heirs of the monsoon, etc.

 

It would of course be up to the citizens living in these areas to choose for themselves what unites and characterizes them the most.

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If you want to learn more you can buy the book as an E-Book on PlanetRepublyk.org. You can also read chapters of the book on the blog at the same address. 

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Image: courtesy of Marie-Hélène Fournier

 

Courtoisie C Marie-Hélène Fournier.jpg